Economic Development Seminar

The Economic Development Seminar is co-sponsored by the International Policy Center at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, Ross School's Business Economics, and the Economics Department (sponsored in part by a generous gift from Jay and Beth Rakow) of the University of Michigan. All seminars meet on Thursdays at 3240 Weill Hall, from 4:00–5:30 p.m. unless otherwise indicated.

The Economic Development Seminar is open to graduate students and faculty engaged in economic development and research.  For questions regarding the seminar; please contact: Thaya Rowe, IPC Administrator, or 734-647-3429

Fall Semester, 2016

September 15 C. Austin Davis; University of Michigan, PhD student
"Why Did Brazilian Farmers Suddenly Adopt Old Technology?​"

Abstract: I investigate the role of regulation and economic growth in shifting Brazil’s sugarcane industry from a polluting, manual harvest to a cleaner, mechanical harvest. I use worker- and establishment-level data to test the regulation using complementary regression discontinuity and difference-in-difference approaches. I find that regulation is, at best, a partial explanation, accounting for no more than one quarter of the rapid, widespread change in harvesting practices. I develop a tipping-point model to show how rising wages may have played an important role even though the change in wages was gradual and the change in harvesting was abrupt; instrumental variables estimates imply that increasing wages alone are sufficient to explain the adoption of green technology.

September 22
Alexander Russov; University of Michigan, PhD student
"Labor Market Opportunities and Fertility"

Abstract: How do labor market opportunities for men and women affect fertility decisions, and do impacts differ by employment type? I study how jobs in the formal sector, in manufacturing, and at export-assembly plants (maquiladoras) in Mexico shape childbirth, selection into fertility, and the timing of births. I adopt two complementary identification strategies. The first strategy exploits exogenous shocks to local demand for male versus female labor using a shift-share index, and the second uses establishment-level data from the universe of maquiladoras to construct an instrumental variable based on large expansions and contractions in plant employment. Results show that positive shocks in the short run to men's employment have large, positive effects on fertility, whereas positive shocks to women's employment have negligible impacts in the short run.

September 29 Salma Khalid; University of Michigan, PhD student
"Image Motivation and the Willingness to Pay for Preventative Health Care Products: The Impact of Conformity and Status Seeking"

Abstract: Using data from a randomized field experiment in the setting of community groups in rural Pakistan, I investigate whether the visibility of an individual's choice to their peer group affects their willingness to pay for water treatment products. I find evidence in favor of greater conformity with group behavior in public, with randomization into public bidding increasing the odds of individuals bidding closer to their expectations regarding the average group bid. The intersection of preferences for conformity with low expectations regarding the average willingness to pay for the product results in lower bids in public than private. On the other hand, bidders who express no expectations regarding group behavior have higher bids when randomized into public bidding, in line with status seeking in the absence of motives to conform. I find stronger patterns of conformity in environments characterized by high levels of water contamination. However, priming bidders with salience of health externalities and the negative spillovers from poor investment in preventative health weakens conformity trends. When self-selection into bidding environments is permitted, conformity trends decline and more standard status seeking motivations emerge.

October 6 Alexander Persaud; University of Michigan, PhD student
"Risk mitigation and selection under forward contracts: 19th-century Indian indentureship."

Abstract: Uncertainty about economic conditions, not merely average wage differentials between markets, affects migration. Ex-ante forward, guaranteed contracts can reduce uncertainty for migrants. I combine aspects of the two and ask, how does origin-market uncertainty affect out-migration under forward contracts? I model migration under forward contracts and then turn to new, unique microdata on roughly 250,000 Indian indentured servants sent around the world under forward contracts. The migration decision is consistent with migrating to escape price volatility (my main measure of uncertainty). A one-standard deviation increase in price volatility increases extensive margin migration by 2% and the intensive margin by 5%. I find compositional differences by social network (caste), with networks responding differently to volatility. Lower-caste people respond more to prices, wages, and volatility, and higher-caste people are more able to smooth against volatility. This is suggestive of caste-specific insurance networks. Finally, volatility exerts a persistent negative effect on the return migration choice. A one-standard deviation in volatility at the time of departure lowers return migration (within roughly 10 years) by 5%.

October 13 Ben Thompson; University of Michigan, PhD student
October 20 Reka Juhasz; Columbia University
Please note: This talk is a joint Development and International seminar, and will take place on Thursday at 11:30-1:00 PM, in 201 Lorch Hall. This is an Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics.
October 27 Ben Faber; University of California, Berkeley
Please note: This talk is a joint Development and International seminar, and will take place on Thursday at 11:30-1:00 PM, in 201 Lorch Hall. This is an Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics.
November 3 Andreas Menzel (CERGE-EI) and Christopher Woodruff (Oxford)
"Gender Wage Gaps and Worker Mobility: Evidence from the Garment Sector in Bangladesh."

Abstract: We use administrative data from 48 large garment factories in Bangladesh to examine pay differentials between women and men. We focus on sewing machine operators for most of our analysis. Wages are highly regulated, with the government specifying, and our firms complying with, minimum wage rates for each operator grade level. Even in a context where the average wage of operators is only a few percentage points above minimum wage, we find that men are paid 3.4 percent more than women. Most of the gap is explained by the fact that men are more likely to be in higher operator grades. We have exceptionally detailed skills data from a subset of the factories. We show that the wage- and grade-gaps are not explained by differences in skill levels. Rather, men have higher grades even conditioning on skills. Next, we show that the higher grades are not he result of factories promoting males more often than females (they do, but the magnitude of the difference is tiny). Rather, most “promotions” appear to happen when workers leave one factory and enter another factory at a higher grade. Males are more mobile than females, with average firm tenure rates across their careers that are 7 months, or 25 percent, shorter. We explore two reasons why men may be more mobile: women face higher costs of changing factories because they are juggling household responsibilities as well as work, and men have stronger incentives to be promoted because they ultimately want to be promoted into management, a path that is all but foreclosed to women. We find somewhat more evidence for the latter channel.

November 10 Veronica Frisancho; Inter-American Development Bank
November 17 Eric Verhoogen; Columbia University
November 24 NO EDS: Thanksgiving week
December 1 Imran Rasul; University College London
December 8 Chris Blattman; University of Chicago

Winter Semester, 2016

March 17
Achyuta Adhvaryu; University of Michigan; Ross School of Business
"Salt Iodization and the Enfranchisement of the American Worker"

Abstract: In 1924, The Morton Salt Company began nationwide distribution of iodine-fortified salt. Access to iodine, a key determinant of cognitive ability, rose sharply. We compare outcomes for cohorts exposed in utero to iodized salt with those of slightly older, unexposed cohorts, across states with high versus low iodine deficiency rates prior to salt fortification. Incomes for cohorts who benefited from iodized salt access went up by 3%, with a nearly 8% increase during school-going ages. We find a small but precisely measured decline in educational attainment (-0.04 years), mainly due to decreased schooling in states with blue-collar jobs. Employment rose by 1%, driven by a 2% rise at school-going ages and focused on entry into low-wage jobs. Later in life, exposed cohorts began to shift into self-employment. These results are consistent with a model of schooling choice in which cognitive ability raises both the returns to education as well as the wage at labor force entry, leading to a rise in income and employment but an ambiguous effect on educational attainment.

March 24
Rachel Heath; University of Washington
"Migrants, Information, and Working Conditions in Bangladeshi Garment Factories" (Co-authored with Tyler McCormick) (Adobe PDF)

Abstract: A large portion of the labor force in many large factories in developing countries consists of internal migrants from rural areas, who may have little information about the industry upon beginning work. We examine whether workers' lack of information affects working conditions in the garment industry in Bangladesh. We use a retrospective panel of the wages and working conditions of 991 garment workers (matched to the factories they work in) collected in 2009. We find that internal migrants work in factories with worse conditions, but move towards factories with better conditions as they gain experience. These facts are consistent with a model in which migrants are poorly informed about working conditions upon beginning work but do learn as they gain experience in the industry.

April 1
Kelsey Jack; Tufts University

"Charging Ahead: Prepaid Metering and Electricity use in Southy Africa"

Abstract: The standard approach to recovering the cost of electricity provision is through postpaid metering with monthly bills for consumption already incurred. These bills represent a substantial share of income for poor customers, and vary unpredictably from month to month. For poor, liquidity constrained customers, finding resources to pay these monthly bills therefore presents a major challenge. If unable to pay, customers face disconnection, the utility loses revenue, and the service provision model is undermined. A possible solution to this problem is prepaid metering, in which customers buy electricity upfront and use it until the prepaid amount is consumed. We partner with the City of Cape Town to examine customer responses to prepaid electricity metering. Approximately 2200 postpaid customers were involuntarily assigned to receive a prepaid meter, with exogenous variation in the timing of the switch. We first establish the impact of prepaid metering on electricity use, which falls by about 10 percent and remains lower for the first year after the switch. Larger proportional reductions from customers with larger outstanding balances and those with a history of paying bills late. We observe no within-household spillovers to water use, though the likelihood that other bills, including water, are paid late increases substantially. The overall impact on revenue to the utility is mixed, since the greatest reductions come from revenue-generating portions of the increasing block tariff schedule. We conclude with a discussion of implications for revenue and also for customer welfare.

Please note: This talk is a joint Development and Environmental seminar, and will take place on Friday, April 1st, at 2:40-4:00 PM, in Dana 1028 (SNRE) and is an Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics.


April 7
Chris Udry; Yale University

"Selection into Credit Markets: Evidence from Agriculture in Mali"

Abstract: We examine whether returns to capital are higher for farmers who borrow than for those who do not, a direct implication of many credit market models. We measure the difference in returns through a two‐stage loan and grant experiment. We find large positive investment responses and returns to grants for a random (representative) sample of farmers, showing that liquidity constraints bind. However, we find zero returns to grants for a sample of farmers who endogenously did not borrow. Thus we find important heterogeneity, even conditional on a wide range of observed characteristics, which has critical implications for theory and policy.

April 14
Michael Callen; Harvard Kennedy School
 "Using Preference Estimates to Customize Incentives: An Application to Polio Vaccination Drives in Pakistan"

Abstract: We use structural estimates of time preferences to customize incentives for a sample of polio vaccinators during a series of door-to-door immunization drives in Pakistan. Our investigation proceeds in three stages. First, we measure time preferences using intertemporal allocations of vaccinations. Second, we derive the mapping between these structural estimates and individually optimal incentives given a specific policy objective.  Third, we experimentally evaluate the effect of matching contract terms to individual discounting patterns in a subsequent experiment with the same vaccinators. This exercise provides a test of the specific point predictions given by structural estimates of time preference. We document present bias among vaccinators and find that tailored contracts achieve the intended policy objective of smoothing intertemporal allocations of effort. The benefits of customized incentives, in terms of achieving the policy objective, are largest for vaccinators allocating when present bias is relevant to the decision.



Previous seminars:

Winter Semester, 2016

March 10
CANCELLED: Abhijit Banerjee; Massachusetts Institute of Technology
"What Do Economists Do?"
March 11
CANCELLED: Nancy Folbre (UMASS), Alexander Rosenberg (Duke), Debra Satz (Stanford), and Abhijit Banerjee (MIT)
Interdisciplinary Tanner Symposium

Fall Semester, 2015

September 10
Johannes Norling; University of Michigan, PhD student
When Girls Are Not Missing: A New Framework for Uncovering Variety in Parents' Preferences for Sons and Daughters

Abstract: Sex preferences during childbearing are more widespread than has been previously reported.  Standard approaches for measuring sex preferences find little evidence that parents in much of the world favor sons or daughters when making childbearing decisions.  I develop a new technique that measures preferences in favor of sons or daughters in a population while also measuring the importance that parents place on the sex of children relative to the number of children.  I show that, even in regions without strong bias in favor of sons or daughters, at least 40 percent of parents consider the sex of children when deciding whether to have additional children.  In Africa, pockets of son and daughter preference follow historical ethnic group boundaries, and traditional use of the plow and inheritance rules are closely tied to sex preferences today.

September 17 Yogesh Uppal; Youngstown State University

Do Criminally Accused Politicians Affect Economic Outcomes?; Evidence from India

Abstract: We study the impact of electing criminally accused politicians to state legislative assemblies on constituency-level measure of economic activity in India. Using data on the criminal background of candidates running for state assembly elections and a constituency-level measure of economic activity proxied by intensity of night lights, we employ a regression discontinuity design that controls for unobserved heterogeneity across constituencies and find a 24-percentage points lower economic activity arising from the election of a criminally accused politician. These effects are driven by serious, financial and multiple criminal charges and are concentrated in less developed and more corrupt Indian states. Similar findings emerge for the provision of public goods using data on India’s major rural roads construction program.

September 24
Prachi Jain; University of Michigan, PhD student

Moral Hazard in Risk Sharing? The Role of Social Ties
Abstract:  ​This paper examines whether social ties sustain informal insurance when there is asymmetric information over effort. I use a laboratory experiment, implemented with residents of slums in Nairobi, Kenya, that captures features of a model of risk sharing and effort provision. Individuals who do not know each other are 13% less likely to engage in risk sharing when effort cannot be observed. Socially close individuals engage in substantially higher levels of risk sharing when effort cannot be observed relative to socially distant pairs. Participants who know their partner are 43% more likely to engage in risk sharing than those who do not know their partner when effort cannot be observed. Thus, this paper provides evidence that social ties sustain cooperation in environments plagued with market imperfections, in this case imperfect monitoring of effort.

October 1
​Paolo Abarcar; University of Michigan, PhD student
Do Employers Value Return Migrants? An Experiment on the Returns to Foreign Work Experience

Abstract:Return migration is a potentially important channel through which migrant-sending countries stand to benefit from international migration. Yet to date, its consequences for return migrants and domestic labor markets remain poorly understood. What is the value of return migrants, and the foreign work experience they bring, to domestic employers? I conduct an audit study in the Philippines, sending over 8,000 fictitious resumes in response to online job postings across multiple occupations. Resumes are randomly assigned varying lengths of foreign work experience, among other things. Employers appear to disfavor return migrants: workers with foreign experience receive 12 percent fewer callbacks than non-migrants, with callback rates even lower for those who have spent a longer time abroad. I test possible explanations and find that, consistent with employer interviews, location-specific human capital is important to employers, and the value of this human capital deteriorates as a worker spends time away from the domestic economy.

October 8
Austin Davis; University of Michigan, PhD student
Why Did Brazilian Farmers Suddenly Adopt Old Technology?
Abstract: In many developing countries, economic growth is associated with increased pollution.  This paper shows that increasing wages can drive the rapid adoption of green technology.  Increases in demand for unskilled labor resulted in higher wages for agricultural workers.  Farmers responded by switching from a dirty, manual harvest to a cleaner, mechanical harvest.  Highly-touted government regulation played a minor role compared to changes in factor prices.
October 15
Gaurav Khanna; University of Michigan, PhD studentLarge-Scale Education Reform in General Equilibrium: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from India
Abstract: The welfare consequences of large-scale government investments in education depend on their general equilibrium effects in both the labor market and the education sector. Prior literature has found it challenging to meaningfully account for and causally estimate these general equilibrium effects. I develop a novel general equilibrium model and derive sufficient statistics that capture the economic consequences of a countrywide schooling initiative implemented by the Indian government. I causally estimate the parameters of the model using a Regression Discontinuity design. The general equilibrium effects are substantial and have important implications for researchers and policymakers that consider scaling up micro-interventions.
October 22 Ruixue Jia; University of California- San Diego

"Elite Recruitment and Political Stability: The Impact of the Abolition of China's Civil Service Exam"

Abstract: This paper studies how the abolition of an elite recruitment system – China’s civil exam system that lasted over 1,300 years – affects political stability. Employing a panel dataset across 262 prefectures and exploring the variations in the quotas on the entrylevel exam candidates, we find that higher quotas per capita were associated with a higher probability of revolution participation after the abolition and a higher incidence of uprisings in 1911 that marked the end of the 2,000 years of imperial rule. This finding is robust to various checks including using the number of small rivers and short-run exam performance before the quota system as instruments. The patterns in the data appear most consistent with the interpretation that in regions with higher quotas per capita under the exam system, more would-be elites were negatively affected by the abolition. In addition, we document that modern human capital in the form of those studying in Japan also contributed to the revolution and that social capital strengthened the effect of quotas on revolution participation.

This talk is an Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics

October 30-31 "Micro-enterprises and SMEs: Overcoming Growth Constraints"

This workshop aims to stimulate new ideas in economics business, and policy about firm growth, and will include three half-day sessions on Oct 30-31, 2015, in Room R2220 at the Ross School of Business.

Speakers include David Atkin, MIT; Jing Cai, University of Michigan; Marcel Fafchamps, Stanford University; Nan Jia, USC; Imran Rasul, UCL; William Jack, Georgetown University; Sebastian Galiani, University of Maryland; Albert Park, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology; Daniel Yi Xu, Duke University, and Bo Zhao, University of Hong Kong.

Workshop Schedule

Friday, Oct 30, 2015

Exporting and Firm Performance: Evidence from a Randomized Trial; David Atkin, Amit K. Khandelwal, Adam Osman

From Production to Retail: The Case of Chinese Footwear Industry; Michael Zheng Song, Duncan Thomas, Miaojun Wang, Daniel Yi Xu

The Dynamics of Political Embeddedness in China; Heather A. Haveman, Nan Jia, Jing Shi, Yongxiang Wang

State Innovation Programs and the Retention of Science and Technology Start-ups: Evidence from the Great Lakes Region; Bo Zhao, Arvids A. Ziedonis, Rosemarie H. Ziedonis

Saturday, Oct 31, 2015

Microfinance Can Raise Incomes: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial in China; Shu Cai, Albert Park, Sangui Wang

Joint Liability, Asset Collateralization, and Credit Access: Evidence from Rainwater Harvesting Tanks in Kenya; William Jack, Michael Kremer, Joost de Laat, Tavneet Suri

The Misallocation of Labor in Village Economies; Oriana Bandiera, Robin Burgess, Narayan Das, Selim Gulesci, Imran Rasul, Munshi Sulaiman

The Casual Effect of Competition on Prices and Quality: Evidence from a Field Experiment; Matias Busso, Sebastian Galiani

Aspire; Marcel Fafchamps, Simon Quinn

Interfirm Relationships and Business Performance; Jing Cai, Adam Szeidl

The workshop is co-sponsored by the Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies and Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE) of University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.

November 5
Valentina Duque; IPC Visiting Scholar, University of Michigan; PhD Candidate in Social Policy at the School of Social Work at Columbia University, a Mellon interdisciplinary fellow, and a fellow at the Columbia Population Research Center.

“Early-life Conditions, Parental Investments, and Child Development: Evidence from a Violent Country”

Abstract: A growing body of evidence fi nds that early-life circumstances are an important determinant of an individual's future outcomes. Here I investigate how shocks in utero and in childhood a ffect human capital formation, and to what extent their experience at certain developmental stages matters more than others. I focus on violent conflicts that constitute multidimensional shocks to the well-being of many households in developing countries. Using monthly and municipality-level variation in the timing and severity of massacres in Colombia from 1999 to 2007, I show that children exposed to sudden changes in violence in utero and in childhood achieve lower height-for-age (0.11 SD), cognitive (PPVT falls by 0.15 SD and math reasoning and general knowledge fall by 0.19 and 0.16 SD), and socio-emotional outcomes (adequate interaction falls by 0.04 SD), and these results are robust to controlling for mother fixed-eff ects. Furthermore, I explore changes in parental investments as potential mechanisms, finding that changes in violence during a child's early-life is associated with lower quantity and quality of parenting. This is one of the first studies to investigate the e ffects of early-life violence on child cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes in a developing country and the first to investigate the role of parenting as a potential channel of transmission in a violent setting.
November 13
Molly Lipscomb; University of Virginia

Please note: This talk is a joint Development and Environmental seminar, and will take place on Friday November 13th at 2:40-4:00 PM, in Dana 1028 (SNRE) and is an Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics

November 19
Paul Gertler; University of California, Berkeley 
December 3
Rohini Pande; Harvard University​

This is a Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE) Guest speaker and is cosponsored by the Department of Economics and the "Rakow Seminar in Economic Transition & Development."


Winter Semester, 2015

Duncan Thomas; Duke University
Child ​H​ealth after a ​N​atural ​D​isaster
Katherine (Kate) Casey; Stanford GSB
​Oeindrila Dube; New York University
This is an Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics
Erica Field; Duke University
Daniel Bennett; University of Chicago- Harris School of Public Policy
​Nick Bloom; Stanford University


Fall Semester, 2014

Ryoko Sato ; University of Michigan, PhD student
Measuring the Role of Psychic Costs and Peers in Vaccine Take-up
Abstract: Although vaccinations save millions of lives, take-up is low in developing countries. This paper evaluates the role of monetary (cash incentives) and non-monetary (psychic costs, priming, and social networks) levers to improve vaccination take-up by randomly allocating conditional incentives and disease messaging on tetanus in rural Nigeria. Although observational studies highlight the relevance of psychic costs, I find that the effect of psychic costs on vaccination take-up is almost zero. 95.7 percent of women who were incentivised to show-up at a clinic, unconditional on vaccine take-up, chose to receive the vaccine anyway. Priming about disease severity (“scared straight”) increases perceived costs of disease but not affect vaccination take-up. Rather than these psychic costs being important barriers, I find that direct cash incentives and the influence of peers have the biggest effects on vaccination take-up. Small cash incentives increase vaccination take-up by almost 20 percentage points from 55 percent. Having any friends who received a vaccine increases one's vaccination by 11.3 percentage points. Results in this paper confirm economic barriers to take-up and find no evidence that psychic costs such as fear of needles play a significant role.
Anne Fitzpatrick; University of Michigan, PhD student
The Effect of Customer Information on the Price and Quality of Antimalarial Drugs
Abstract: In this paper, I experimentally vary customer information to test whether decreasing information asymmetries in health markets would improve consumer welfare.  I conduct an audit study in Uganda in which mystery shoppers purchase antimalarial drugs according to randomized scripts that vary in information a customer might present at the time of purchase. Mystery shoppers either state the patient has malaria or ask for a  diagnosis; then they either request a specific treatment or ask for a product recommendation. All purchased drugs are then tested for quality to determine whether or not they are counterfeit. Data are linked with an outlet survey and exit interviews with real customers in order to capture the mechanisms of the market. I find increased customers who both know the diagnosis and know the product they want pay US$0.17 than customers with no information, and vendors make a lower profit from customers with any information. Results indicate that vendors change the menu of options presented to shoppers with more information. Shoppers stating either the diagnosis or the product they want are presented with 0.16-0.20 fewer options, at a narrower range of prices. I find no effect of information on drug quality, but strong negative effects on service quality. Shoppers with any information are also 9.2-17.2 percentage points less likely to be offered add-ons to relieve the symptoms of malaria, and service quality substantially decreases. I test several plausible theoretical mechanisms, including differences in search costs, third-degree price discrimination, and altruism towards the uninformed. I find that results are most consistent with a model in which customers with less information are more willing to trade-off customer care with prices. 
​Rob Jensen; University ​of Pennsylvania​
Michael Olabisi; ​University of Michigan, PhD student​
Estimating Uncertain Trade: How Demand Volatility Influences Exporters
Abstract: For exporters with fixed production scales, adjustment costs shrink profits when demand deviates from expectation: firms must plan for higher overtime wage rates when demand surges or higher overheads when demand slows. I present a simple model of international trade that permits exporters to consider adjustment costs in the entry decision, where those costs are driven by demand volatility. Demand volatility robustly explains the number of exporters serving product markets, providing estimated effects that compare reasonably in size and significance with conventional factors like geographic distance and GDP. Using firm-level export data from China, I find that doubling demand volatility reduces exporter counts by an average of 37%. The estimated effects decrease with distance and demand volatility, as predicted by the model. Additional firm-level gravity model regressions confirm that demand volatility impacts trade levels and the number of exporters.
Ujjayant Chakravorty; Tufts University
Please note that this talk is co-sponsored by EDS and Energy & Environmental Economics,
and will be held in 1028 Dana Hall from 2:30-4:00, Friday, October 10th.
Shing-Yi Wang; Wharton School - University of Pennsylvania
"How Do Remittances Respond to Income Fluctuations? Evidence from Matched Administrative Data" (Adobe PDF)
Michael Kremer; Harvard University
Anant Nyshadham; University of Southern California
​Garance Genicot; Georgetown University
This is a Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE) Guest speaker and is cosponsored by the Department of Economics and the "Rakow Seminar in Economic Transition & Development."
​Andrew Foster; Brown University
"Household Recombination and Retrospective Evaluation: Evidence from the Matlab Health and Family Planning Program" (Adobe PDF)
​Rema Hanna; Harvard - Kennedy School
Please note that this talk is co-sponsored by EDS and Business Economics, and will be held in room R1220 of the Ross Business School from 12:00-1:30, Friday, December 5th.

Winter Semester, 2014
Samuel Bazzi; Assistant Professor, Boston University
Please note that this talk is co-sponsored with PSC, and that it is held in room 6050 ISR during the Monday PSC brown bag lecture from 12:00–1:30 p.m.
"Skill Transferability, Migration, and Development: Evidence from Population Resettlement in Indonesia" (Adobe PDF)
Tom Vogl; Assistant Professor, Princeton University
Please note that this talk is co-sponsored with PSC, and that it is held in room 6050 ISR during the Monday PSC brown bag lecture from 12:00–1:30 p.m.
Johannes Haushofer; PostDoc, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT
"Household Response to Income Changes: Evidence from an Unconditional Cash Transfer Program in Kenya" (Adobe PDF)
This is a Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE) Guest speaker and is cosponsored by the Department of Economics and the "Rakow Seminar in Economic Transition & Development."
Mushfiq Mobarak; Associate Professor, Yale University
"Risk, Insurance and Wages in General Equilibrium" (Adobe PDF)
This is a Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE) Guest speaker and is cosponsored by the Department of Economics and the "Rakow Seminar in Economic Transition & Development."
Sheetal Sekhri; Assistant Professor, University of Virginia
Pranab Bhardan; Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley from 4-5 p.m.
"Land and Equity in Economic Development: Some Under-studied Issues"
Please note that this seminar is co-sponsored with CSAS and it is being held in 1636 SSWB
Martin Wittenberg, Professor of Economics at University of Cape Town

Fall Semester, 2013
Caroline Theoharides; University of Michigan, Ph.D Student
 Laura Zimmerman; University of Michigan, Ph.D Student
 Achyuta Adhvaryu; Assistant Professor, University of Michigan
"Salt Iodization and the Enfranchisement of the American Worker"
 Ajay Shenoy; University of Michigan, Ph.D Student
"Market Failures and Misallocation: The Costs of Factor and Financial Market Failures in Rural Thailand" (Adobe PDF)
 Paulina Oliva; Assistant Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara
Dean Karlan; Professor, Yale University;  co-sponsored with STIET 
Please note the change in location: 3100 North Quad
Pascaline Dupas; Assistant Professor, Stanford University
"The Daily Grind: Cash Needs, Labor Supply and Self-Control" (Adobe PDF)
This is a Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE) Guest speaker and is cosponsored by the Department of Economics and the "Rakow Seminar in Economic Transition & Development."
Matias Busso; Senior Economist, Inter-American Development Bank
"Pedagogical Change in Mathematics Teaching: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial" (Adobe PDF)
Nava Ashraf; Associate Professor, Harvard Business School

Winter Semester, 2013
Bertil Tungodden, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)
Oriana Bandiera, Department of Economics, London School of Economics (joint with Labor and Business Economics, 201 Lorch Hall, 2:00 p.m.)
Shawn Cole, Finance Unit, Harvard Business School
"The Value of Advice: Evidence from Mobile Phone-Based Agricultural Extension" (with A. Nilesh Fernando)

Fall Semester, 2012
Jessica Hoel, PhD Candidate, Department of Economics
"Heterogeneous Households: Laboratory Evidence of the Ecological Fallacy in Tests of Models of the Household"
Emily Beam, PhD Candidate, Gerald R. School of Public Policy and Department of Economics
Susie Godlonton, PhD Candidate, Gerald R. School of Public Policy and Department of Economics
"Employment Risk and Performance"
Kate Ambler, PhD Candidate, Department of Economics
"Don't Tell on Me: Experimental Evidence of Asymmetric Information in Transnational Households"
Annika Mueller, Harvard University
"In the Public Eye: Distributional Choices in Rural Malawi under Perfect and Imperfect Information"
CANCELLED: Leigh Linden, The University of Texas at Austin
Brian Min, University of Michigan
"Distributing Power: Evidence on Public Goods Provision by Satellite"
Suresh Naidu, Columbia University
"When the Levee Breaks: Black Migration and Economic Development in the American South"
(joint with Economic History Workshop, Tuesday, 4:00 p.m., 201 Lorch)
Melissa Dell, MIT
"Path dependence in development: Evidence from the Mexican Revolution"
(joint with Economic History Workshop)
Eliana La Ferrara, Università Bocconi
"Conflict, Climate and Cells: A disaggregated analysis" (joint with M. Harari)
Seema Jayachandran, Northwestern University
"Incentives to Teach Badly: After-School Tutoring in Developing Countries"

Winter Semester, 2012
Katja Maria Kaufmann, Università Bocconi
"Learning about the Enforcement of Conditional Welfare Programs and Behavioral Responses: Evidence from Bolsa Familia in Brazil"
Silvia Prina, Case Western Reserve University
"Do Basic Savings Accounts Help the Poor to Save? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Nepal"
Rema Hanna, Harvard University
"Up in Smoke: The Long-Run Impact of Improved Cooking Stoves in the Presence of Household Behavior" (with E. Duflo and M. Greenstone)
Emily Oster, University of Chicago
"Do Call Centers Promote School Enrollment? Evidence from India"
Romain Wacziarg, University of California, Los Angeles
"Economic Integration and Structural Change"
Imran Rasul, University College London
Leaders and Followers: A Case Study of Papal Influences on Fertility Preferences and Behavior
Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics
2:00-3:30 p.m., 201 Lorch Hall, joint with ISR-Zwerdling Seminar in Labor Economics

Fall Semester, 2011
Claudio Ferraz, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de
"Does Oil Make Leaders Unaccountable? Evidence from Brazil's Offshore Oil Boom"
(with Joana Monteiro)
Raj Arunachalam, University of Michigan
"Compensated for Life: Sex Work and Disease Risk"
(with Manisha Shah)
Slesh Shrestha, PhD Candidate, University of Michigan
"Human Capital Responses to Skilled Migration Prospects: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Nepal"
Martina Björkman, Università Bocconi, Milan
"Community Based Monitoring: Experimental Evidence on Design and Long Run Impact"
Giacomo De Giorgi, Stanford University
"The Price Effects of Cash Versus In-Kind Transfers"
Taryn Dinkelman, Dartmouth College
"Investing in schooling in Chile: The role of information about financial aid for higher education"
Simone Schaner, Dartmouth College
"Intrahousehold Preference Heterogeneity, Commitment, and Strategic Savings: Theory and Evidence from Kenya"
Joint Seminar with Labor Economics
Charles Sprenger, Stanford University
"Uncertainty Equivalents: Testing the Limits of the Independence Axiom"
Michael Clemens, Center for Global Development
"The effects of international migration on Filipino households: Evidence from a policy discontinuity"
Manuela Angelucci, University of Michigan
"Migration and credit constraints: evidence from Mexico"
Aprajit Mahajan, Stanford University
"Time Inconsistency, Expectations and Technology Adoption"
(with Alessandro Tarozzi)
Juan Carlos Hallak, Universidad de San Andrés
"Lifting the Domestic Veil: The Challenges of Exporting Differentiated Goods Across the Development Divide"
(with Alejandro Artopoulos and Daniel Friel)
Joint Seminar with Business Economics and International Economics

Winter Semester, 2011
Habiba Djebbari, University Laval
"Cash transfers and children's living arrangements in South Africa"
Elodie Djemai, University of Michigan
"HIV and Access to Road"
Isaac Mbiti, Southern Methodist University
"Elite Secondary Schools and Student Achievement: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Kenya"
EDTS will not meet due to the Population Association of America Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C.
Murray Leibbrandt, University of Cape Town
Title: TBA
Berk Özler, World Bank
"Cash or Condition? Evidence from a Cash Transfer Experiment"

Fall Semester, 2010
Yuriy Gorodnichenko, University of California, Berkeley
"Culture, Institutions, and the Wealth of Nations"
(with Gérard Roland)
Andrew Foster, Brown University
"Direct and Indirect Effects of Voluntary Certification: Evidence from the Mexican Clean Industry Program"
Rachel Griffith, University College London, IFS
"Corporate Taxes and the Location of Intellectual Property"
(with Helen Miller and Martin O'Connell)
Joint with Business Economics and Public Policy, 2:00-3:30 pm, Ross School of Business E1550
Jessica Goldberg, PhD Candidate, University of Michigan
"Kwacha Gonna Do? Experimental Evidence about Labor Supply in Rural Malawi"
Jonathan Robinson, University of California, Santa Cruz
"Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya"
(with Pascaline Dupas)
Miguel Urquiola, Columbia University
"Going to a Better School: Effects and Behavioral Responses"
(with Cristian Pop-Eleches)
Ann Harrison, University of California, Berkeley
Joint with Business Economics and Public Policy
David McKenzie, World Bank
"When is capital enough to get female microenterprises growing? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana"
(with Marcel Fafchamps, Simon Quinn, and Christopher Woodruff)

Harsha Thirumurthy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
"When are reminders for behavior modification effective?  Experimental evidence from the use of text messages to improve medication adherence"

Winter Semester, 2010
Marcus Goldstein, World Bank
"The effects of health worker absence:  Evidence from HIV testing in Kenya"
Han Kim, University of Michigan
"CEO Power and Sarbanes-Oxley Act"
Laura Schechter, University of Wisconsin
"Vote-Buying and Reciprocity"
Rachel Griffith, Institute for Fiscal Studies and University College London
"Taxes and the Location of Innovative Activity"
(cosponsored with Business Economics) ***POSTPONED***
Gérard Roland, University of California, Berkeley
"Are the Markets Afraid of Kim Jong Il?"

Fall Semester, 2009
Brian Kovak, PhD Candidate, Department of Economics, U of M
“Regional Labor Market Effects of Trade Policy: Evidence from Brazilian Liberalization” (joint with International Economics, 11:40 a.m.-1:00 p.m. at 201 Lorch Hall)
Sebastian Galiani, Washington University
“Military Service and Crime” (joint with Public Finance, 4:00-5:30 p.m. at Lorch Hall)
Albert Park, Oxford University
“Family Ties and Organizational Design: Evidence from Chinese Private Firms”
Dean Yang, University of Michigan
Remittances and the Problem of Control:A Field Experiment Among Migrants from El Salvador
Mariano Bosch, University of Alicante
Minimum Wages and Earnings Inequality in Urban Mexico. Revisiting the Evidence” (joint with Business Economics)
Han Kim, University of Michigan ***POSTPONED to March 25, 2010***
“Corporate Governance Reforms around the World”
Richard Steckel and Dongwoo Yoo, Ohio State University
“Institutions and Economic Development in Asia” (joint with Economic History)
Supplementary tables:pdf
Lakshmi Iyer, Harvard Business School
Traveling Agents: Political Change and Bureaucratic Turnover in India
Bob Margo, Boston University
“Did Railroads Induce or Follow Economic Growth? Urbanization and Population Growth in the American Midwest, 1850-60” (joint with Economic History, 4:00-5:30 p.m. at 201 Lorch Hall)
Dietrich Vollrath, University of Houston
The Agricultural Basis of Comparative Development
(joint with International Economics, 11:40 a.m.-1:00 p.m. at 201 Lorch Hall)
Rick Hornbeck, Harvard University
Andrew W. Marcus Seminar in Applied Microeconomics
The American Dust Bowl:  Enduring Impacts and Responses” (joint with Economic History, Labor Economics, Applied Microeconomics, 4:00-5:30 p.m. at 201Lorch Hall)
Lori Beaman, Northwestern University
Who gets the job referral? Evidence from a social networks experiment

Winter Semester, 2009
Chang-Tai Hsieh (Berkeley), joint with International
David Lam pdf
Manuela Angelucci pdf (Arizona), joint with Labor (in EDTS time slot)
Duncan Thomas
Carmen Pages-Sierra pdf

Fall Semester, 2008
Joe Kaboski, Ohio State
“A Structural Evaluation of a Large-Scale Quasi-Experimental Microfinance Initiative,” pdf
Xavier Gine, World Bank
“Barriers to Household Risk Management: Evidence from India” pdf
Maitreesh Ghatak, London School of Economics
“Marry for What? Caste and Mate Selection in Modern India”, joint with Abhijit Banerjee (MIT), Esther Duflo (MIT), and Jeanne LaFortune (Maryland)
Xinzheng Shi, U of M PhD Student
Does intra-household flypaper effect exist? Evidence from education fee reduction reform in rural China pdf
Yao Lu, U of M PhD Student
“Why Do Foreign Investors ‘Cherry Pick’ in Emerging Markets?”
Warren Whatley, joint with history; U of M
“Guns-For-Slaves: The 18th Century British Slave Trade in Africa.”pdf
Frank McIntyre, Brigham Young University
"An Empirical Model of Illegal Work"pdf
Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, University of Virginia
“Family Planning and Rural Fertility Decline in Iran: A Study in Program Evaluation” pdf
Anne Case, Princeton
(joint with Population Studies)
“Paying the Piper: The High Cost of Funerals in South Africa” pdf
Anna Maria Mayda, Georgetown University
(joint with Business Economics and the International series)
Sujarta Visaria, Boston University
“The Distributive Impact of Reforms in Credit Enforcement:
Evidence from Indian Dept Recovery Tribunals”
Jeff Williamson, Harvard
(joint with history)
“Ancient Inequality”pdf
Hoyt Bleakley, Chicago
(Joint with history; Note: meets Tuesday, 4:00-5:30, Lorch 215)

Fall Semester, 2007
Can rural electrification jump-start employment? Evidence from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. pdf Taryn Dinkelman (U-M job market candidate) - joint with Labor (in Labor time slot)
Aid and Agency in Africa: Explaining Food Disbursements Across Ethiopian Households in the Nineties. pdf Nzinga Broussard (U-M job market candidate)
Tracing the Impact of Bank Liquidity Shocks: Evidence from an Emerging Market. pdf Asim Khwaja, (Kennedy School of Business, Harvard) - faculty in charge: Brian Jacob
Tracing the Impact of Bank Liquidity Shocks: Evidence from an Emerging Market. pdf Martin Wittenberg (UCT) - faculty in charge: David Lam
The Weight of Success: The Body Mass Index and Economic Well-being in South Africa. pdf A. Mushfiq Mobarak (Yale SOM) - faculty in charge: Dean Yang
Intra-Firm Trade. pdfAndrew Bernard (Dartmouth) - joint with BE/International (in EDTS time slot) - faculty in charge: Jagadeesh Sivadasan (Marcus Seminar, special addition)
Yao Lu (U-M job market candidate)
David Mckenzie pdf (World Bank) - faculty in charge: Dean Yang
Jim Robinson (Harvard) - faculty in charge: Jim Levinsohn
Michael Kremer pdf (Harvard) - joint with Applied Economics (in Applied Econ Friday time slot) (Marcus Seminar) - faculty in charge: Dean Yang
Mark Rosenzweig pdf (Yale) - joint with Labor (in EDTS time slot) - faculty in charge: Jim Levinsohn (Marcus Seminar)
Rose Chan (U-M job market candidate) Room changed to Weill Hall 5240

Winter Semester, 2007
Do Institutions, Ownership, Exporting and Competition Explain Firm Performance? pdf Jan Svejnar, University of Michigan: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room (co-sponsored with the International Economics Seminar and Business Economics Seminar series)
Quality, Trade and the Moving Windows: Competitiveness and the Globalization Process pdf John Sutton, London School of Economics: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room (co-sponsored with the International Economics Seminar and Business Economics Seminar series)
What Should the Developing Countries Do in the Context of the Current Impasse of the Doha Round? pdf Alan Deardorff and Bob Stern, University of Michigan: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room (co-sponsored with the International Economics Seminar)
The Simple Economics of Extortion: Evidence from Trucking in Aceh pdf Ben Olken, Harvard University: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room
TBD: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room
“The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Disruptions to Education, and Returns to Schooling in China” pdf Albert Park, University of Michigan: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room
“The de Soto Effect: Markets, Networks, and the Polictical Economy of Property Rights ” pdf Maitreesh Ghatak, London School of Economics: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room

Fall Semester, 2006
Iodine Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Tanzania pdf Erica Field, Harvard University: 201 Lorch Hall, 2:00 - 3:30 p.m. (co-sponsored with the Labor Seminar series)
The Productivity Effects of Services Liberalization pdf Beata Javorcik, World Bank: 5240 Weill Hall, 5th Floor Seminar Room (co-sponsored with the International Economics Seminar and Business Economics Seminar series)
Monitoring works: Getting teachers to come to school pdf Esther Duflo, MIT: 1230 Weill Hall, O'Neill Classroom (co-sponsored with the International Economics Seminar and Business Economics Seminar series)
Was Vietnam's Economic Growth in the 1990's Pro-Poor? pdf Paul Glewwe, University of Minnesota: 1210 Weill Hall, Frey Foundation Classroom
Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies and HIV in Kenya pdf Pascaline Dupas, Dartmouth College: 201 Lorch Hall, 10:00 a.m. (co-sponsored with the Business Economics and Applied Microeconomics Seminar series)
On the Output Effects of Barriers to Trade pdf Alberto Trejos, INCAE Business School: 1210 Weill Hall, Frey Foundation Classroom
Abhijit Banerjee, MIT:1210 Weill Hall, Frey Foundation Classroom (co-sponsored with the Business Economics Seminar series)
Schooling as a Lottery: Racial Differences in School Advancement in Urban South Africa pdf David Lam, University of Michigan: 6050 ISR, 2:00 - 3:30 p.m. (co-sponsored with the Labor Economics Seminar Series)
Factor Adjustment After Deregulation: Panel Evidence from Columbian Plants pdf Adriana Kugler, University of Houston: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room (co-sponsored with the Business Economics Seminar series)
Pass-through at the Dock: Pricing to Currency and to Market? Gita Gopinah, Harvard University: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room (co-sponsored with the International Economics Seminar series)
International Financial Integration and Entrepreneurship pdf Laura Alfaro, Harvard Business School: 3240 Weill Hall, 3rd Floor Seminar Room (co-sponsored with the International Economics Seminar and Business Economics Seminar series)
Speaker and room TBC:

Winter Semester, 2006
Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes? Luigi Zingales (Chicago GSB)
"Vocational Training versus General Education: Evidence from an Economy in Transition" Cristian "Kiki" Pop-Eleches (Columbia) (joint with Ofer Malamud)
Ford School Symposium on Microfinance (Keynote speaker: Jonathan Morduch, NYU). Event Details.
"Mexican Immigration and Self-Selection: New Evidence from the 2000 Mexican Census" Darren Lubotsky (U. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
"The Demographic Transition and the Sexual Division of Labor" Rodrigo Soares (U. Maryland) (joint with applied micro)
"Housing, Health and Happiness" pdf Paul Gertler (UC Berkeley and World Bank)
Industrial Evolution in Crisis-Prone Economies pdfJim Tybout (Penn State) (joint with International Seminar)

Fall Semester, 2005
"Institutions, Markets and Men’s and Women’s Wage Inequality: Evidence from Ukraine" Katherine Terrell (University of Michigan)
"Some Economic Implications of Caste" Siwan Anderson (University of British Columbia)
"Returns to Health: Evidence from Exogenous Height Variation in Indonesia" Dean Yang (University of Michigan) joint with Sharon Maccini.
"Public Transfers and Intra-household Resource Allocation: Evidence from a Supplementary School Feeding Program" Farzana Afridi (University of Michigan)
"Quality Upgrading and Establishment Wage Policies: Evidence from Mexican Employer-Employee Data" Eric Verhoogen (Columbia) joint with Int’l Seminar. 11:40am - 1:00pm in room 201 Lorch Hall
"Slavery, Institutional Development and Long-Run Growth in Africa, 1400-2000" Nathan Nunn (UBC) joint with International Seminar. 11:40am - 1:00pm in room 201 Lorch Hall
"Spousal Control and Intra-Household Decision Making: An Experimental Study in the Philippines" Nava Ashraf (Harvard University) joint with Applied Microeconomics Seminar. 10:00am - 11:30am in room 201 Lorch Hall
"Trading Partners and Trading Volumes" Marc Melitz (Harvard University) joint with Applied Micro/BE seminar. 10:00am - 11:30am in room 201 Lorch Hall
Download the PDF of presentation slides
"Students Today, Teachers Tomorrow? The Rise of Affordable Private Schools" Asim Khwaja (Harvard University)
THANKSGIVING - no seminar
"Ownership Form and Contractual Inefficiency in the Indian Sugar Industry" Dilip Mookerjee (Boston University)
Albert Park (University of Michigan)
Nzinga Broussard (University of Michigan)

Winter Semester, 2005
Jan Svejnar / Katherine Terrell (University of Michigan) "Foreign Investment, Corporate Ownership, and Development: Are Firms in Emerging Markets Catching Up to the World Standard?"
Dean Yang (University of Michigan) "Integrity for Hire: An Analysis of a Widespread Program for Combating Customs Corruption"
Jenny Hunt (McGill University) "Bribery: Who Pays, Who Refuses, What Are The Payoffs?"
Gerard Roland (University of California - Berkeley) "The Long Run Impact of Bombing Vietnam"
Marcel Fafchamps (Oxford) "Wages and Labor Management in African Manufacturing"
Richard Akresh (University of Illinois) "School Enrollment Impacts of Non-traditional Household

Fall Semester, 2004
Erica Field. (Harvard) [Friday, Joint with Labor Seminar] "Consequences of Early Marriage for Women in Bangladesh."
Quy-Toan Do (World Bank) "Rural Vietnam in Transition"
Steve Levitt (Chicago) [joint with Microeconomics Seminar] "The Impact of Crack Cocaine."
David Levine (University of California - Berkeley) "The Effects of Industrialization on School Enrollment and Child Labor"
Mark Rosenzweig (Harvard) [Friday] [co-sponsored by Applied Microeconomics seminars] "Agricultural Development, Industrialization and Rural Inequality "
Saul Estrin (London Business School) "Privatisation Methods and Economic Growth in Transition Economies"
Jean-Marie Baland (Facultes Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix) "Land and Power and the impact of the 1958 electoral reform in Chile."
Klara Sabirianova (University of Michigan Business School) "Contract Violations, Neighborhood Effects, and Wage Arrears in Russia. "
Chris Udry (Yale) [joint with Microeconomics Seminar] "Gender, Power and Agricultural Investments in Ghana."
James Levinsohn and Justin McCrary (University of Michigan) "Incomes in South Africa Since the Fall of
Philippe Aghion (Harvard) [Friday] [co-sponsored by Applied Microeconomics seminars] "Volatility and Growth: Financial Development and the Cyclical Composition of Investment."
Thanksgiving - no seminar
Eiji Mangyo (University of Michigan)" Who Benefits More from Higher Consumption? The Intrahousehold Allocation of Nutrients in China"
Steve Berry (Yale) [joint with Microeconomics Seminar] "Product Quality and Market Size."